What is FERPA? How does it protect a student’s personal and private information?
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), 20 U.S.C. § 1232g; 34 CFR Part 99, gives students the right to access to their education records, to seek to have those records amended, and to have some control over the disclosure of personally identifiable information from the education records. These FERPA rights are held by the parents of the student until the student turns18 years old or enters a postsecondary institution. Under FERPA, educational institutions are prohibited from sharing information in a student’s record with any person or institution without the student’s written permission, or that of her parent or legal guardian if she is under the age of 18. 20 USC § 1232g(b); 20 U.S.C. § 1232g(d). Whenever a school receives a request for records, it must notify the student, who may then deny or grant access.
: U.S. Department of Education. "Frequently Asked Questions about FERPA." Last modified July 14, 2005.